The role of introductions

A conclusion summarises the main ideas and points of your essay so it is normal for the conclusion to repeat things. So you may have your opinion only in the conclusion or in the introduction and conclusion. You would never just have it in the introduction. Check out the link in the post above that explains introduction writing. This can be a good thing as it will avoid any confusion, especially if you are a lower level candidate and you are less able to make your ideas clear in the body paragraphs. You would then repeat your opinion in the conclusion.

Conclusion Only But you don't have to do this. If you follow some general essay writing guides they will tell you to put your opinion at the end of the essay if it is an essay where you are asked to "Discuss both opinions and give your own opinion" but at the beginning if you are asked if you "Agree or disagree". If you want to do this, that is fine, but you won't be marked down if you do not follow this convention.

As I said, it is up to you how you decide to approach things, but whatever you do, you must have a clear opinion which supports what you have written in the actual body paragraphs. If you are of a lower level of writing though and there could be any confusion it is best to put it upfront in the introduction and conclusion.

Dec 05, Stating your Opinion by: Teacher Jill The criteria examiners use for marking Task 2 essays constantly refers to 'position'. For example, for Band 7, it says "presents a clear position throughout the response". While you might not use the words 'I believe' or 'In my opinion'in the introduction, you still need to make sure that the examiner knows what YOU think.

It makes no difference HOW an IELTS question is worded - the marking sheet doesn't change - so whether the question says 'give your opinion' or not, you must make it plain throughout your essay to score 7 or higher. Please Check my IELTS Essay Introduction by Udhaya S Chennai Please help me to correct introduction of Ielts essay Some people think that schools should select students according to their academic abilities, while others believe that it is better to have students with different abilities studying together.

Writing essay introductions and conclusions. Custom Writing Service for College Students.

You have problems with your grammar, word choices and sentence structure. For example, 'distinct' does not fit here, you repeat 'abilities' three times! In addition there are too many simple sentences together so you should make the second two into one complex sentence. Also you must mention key words from the topic. In your essay introduction you have made no reference to education or schools. That is a key part of the topic.

This would be better: Every child will have different abilities at school. Though some people argue that it is undesirable to separate children according to their skills, personally I believe that it is healthier to differentiate children in this respect. The marking doesn't work in that way - there is nothing in the marking that specifically mentions conclusions.

Your essay needs to be a certain length, answer the question, be coherent etc. If any of those kinds of things were affected by your conclusion it's possible your band could be affected. But if you fulfilled most the criteria and your opinion was clear etc. So too difficult to say. You really just need to wait for your result. Do we always need to give our opinion? It would not be a problem if you did give some kind of opinion about the subject but it would not be necessary. It would be useful if you copied and pasted the part on the website you are referring to then I can look.

Faulty Thesis Statement by Bernard UAE Hello, I took the exam last May 25, and my writing task 2 question goes like this: These days more fathers stay at home and take care of their children while mothers go out to work.

Writing your dissertation introduction, conclusion and abstract

It sounds like you still had a clear thesis statement setting out your opinion and you also answered the question fully - body paragraph one about the reasons then body two explaining your opinion. Obviously there are many other factors they take into account when they score you essay so there is no guarantee of a 7, but if you did everything else well I don't think what you did is likely to be a reason to knock your score down. The task 2 asked to write about differences children have with parents and grandparents. The Qs. I think I have not listed all the differences and the problems.

Will I lose marks for losing out some important ideas? And who knows which is the 'most' important?

That's very subjective so you can't get marked down because the examiner felt another idea that was more important was not discussed. You decide what ideas you want to use to support your essay and you'll be marked on how well you present and explain them. Anyway, it would be completely impossible to give every possible idea in response to a question.

There could be many. You only have the time and space to present around two ideas in each body paragraph. May 20, Is conclusion essential in task 2? Will it affect my score? Follow ieltsbuddy. Recent Articles.

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Connect with us. Search site search by freefind advanced. Jul 21, Oct 26, Introduction by: Anonymous Hello, the introduction is good and simple, easy to understand. May 26, Personal views by: Anonymous Sir, giving personal views in introduction will constitute repetition of ideas in the last.

May 27, Click here to add your own comments Join in and write your own page! Comments for How do I attract the examiners attention with a good introduction? Mar 10, Jun 03, Comments for Should I give my opinion in the introduction or conclusion? Aug 10, Dec 05, Stating your Opinion by: Teacher Jill The criteria examiners use for marking Task 2 essays constantly refers to 'position'. Feb 05, Comments for Unfinished Conclusion Click here to add your own comments. Sep 25, Comments for Do we always need to give our opinion? Aug 16, In terms of length, there is no rule about how long a dissertation introduction needs to be, as it is going to depend on the length of the total dissertation.

This demonstrates another reason why writing a dissertation introduction last is beneficial. As you will have already written the literature review , the most prominent authors will already be evident and you can showcase this research to the best of your ability. The background section One of the main purposes of the background section is to ease the reader into the topic.

It is generally considered inappropriate to simply state the context and focus of your study and what led you to pursue this line of research. The reader needs to know why your research is worth doing.


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You can do this successfully by identifying the gap in the research and the problem that needs addressing. One common mistake made by students is to justify their research by stating that the topic is interesting to them. This can be done by providing a background section. You are going to want to begin outlining your background section by identifying crucial pieces of your topic that the reader needs to know from the outset.

Once you have identified these, write some brief notes as to why they were so influential and how they fit together in relation to your overall topic. You may also want to think about what key terminology is paramount to the reader being able to understand your dissertation. While you may have a glossary or list of abbreviations included in your dissertation, your background section offers some opportunity for you to highlight two or three essential terms.

When reading a background section, there are two common mistakes that are most evident in student writing, either too little is written or far too much! In writing the background information, one to two pages is plenty. You need to be able to arrive at your research focus quite quickly and only provide the basic information that allows your reader to appreciate your research in context. It is essential that you are able to clarify the area s you intend to research and you must explain why you have done this research in the first place.

One key point to remember is that your research focus must link to the background information that you have provided above. While you might write the sections on different days or even different months, it all has to look like one continuous flow. Make sure that you employ transitional phrases to ensure that the reader knows how the sections are linked to each other.

The research focus leads into the value, aims and objectives of your research, so you might want to think of it as the tie between what has already been done and the direction your research is going. Instead, you might consider introducing the main focus, explaining why research in your area is important, and the overall importance of the research field.

This should set you up well to present your aims and objectives. The biggest mistake that students make is simply not including this sub-section. There are many possible ways to answer the question about the value of your research. In some cases, it may be that your research is somewhat urgent e. Whatever reason you come up with to address the value added question, make sure that somewhere in this section you directly state the importance or added value of the research.

Typically, a research project has an overall aim. Again, this needs to be clearly stated in a direct way. The objectives generally stem from the overall aim and explain how that aim will be met. They are often organised numerically or in bullet point form and are terse statements that are clear and identifiable. There are four things you need to remember when creating research objectives. These are: Appropriateness each objective is clearly related to what you want to study Distinctness each objective is focused and incrementally assists in achieving the overall research aim Clarity each objective avoids ambiguity Being achievable each objective is realistic and can be completed within a reasonable timescale In creating research objectives that conform to the above, you may want to consider: Starting each objective with a key word e.

Beginning with a simple objective to help set the scene in the study.

Writing IELTS Essay Introductions and Conclusions

Finding a good numerical balance — usually two is too few and six is too many. Aim for approximately objectives. Remember that you must address these research objectives in your research. You cannot simply mention them in your dissertation introduction and then forget about them. Just like any other part of the dissertation, this section must be referenced in the findings and discussion — as well as in the conclusion. This section has offered the basic sections of a dissertation introduction chapter.

There are additional bits and pieces that you may choose to add. The research questions have already been highlighted as one option; an outline of the structure of the entire dissertation may be another example of information you might like to include. As long as your dissertation introduction is organised and clear, you are well on the way to writing success with this chapter.

How to Write a Strong Conclusion

It is your job at this point to make one last push to the finish to create a cohesive and organised final chapter. If your concluding chapter is unstructured or some sort of ill-disciplined rambling, the person marking your work might be left with the impression that you lacked the appropriate skills for writing or that you lost interest in your own work. To avoid these pitfalls, you will need to know what is expected of you and what you need to include in your successful dissertation conclusion chapter. There are three parts at a minimum that need to exist within your dissertation conclusion.

These include:.


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  7. Research objectives — a summary of your findings and the resulting conclusions. Furthermore, just like any other chapter in your dissertation, your conclusion must begin with an introduction usually very short at about a paragraph in length. As a result of the completion of the literature review , along with the empirical research that you completed, what did you find out in relation to your personal research objectives?

    What conclusions have you come to? A common mistake by students when addressing these questions is to again go into the analysis of the data collection and findings. This is not necessary, as the reader has likely just finished reading your discussion chapter and does not need to go through it all again. This section is not about persuading, you are simply informing the reader of the summary of your findings. Recommendations The purpose of a recommendations section is to offer the reader some advice on what you think should happen next.

    Failing to include such information can result in the loss of marks. Including these recommendations as implicit suggestions within other parts of the brief e. There are two types of recommendations you can make. The first is to make a recommendation that is specific to the evidence of your study, the second is to make recommendations for future research. While certain recommendations will be specific to your data , there are always a few that seem to appear consistently throughout student work.

    How to Write a Conclusion for an Essay?

    These tend to include things like a larger sample size, different context, increased longitudinal time frame, etc. If you get to this point and feel you need to add words to your dissertation, this is an easy place to do so — just be cautious that making recommendations that have little or no obvious link to the research conclusions are not beneficial. A good recommendations section will link to previous conclusions, and since this section was ultimately linked to your research aims and objectives, the recommendations section then completes the package. Your main contribution to knowledge likely exists within your empirical work though in a few select cases it might be drawn from the literature review.

    Implicit in this section is the notion that you are required to make an original contribution to research, and you are, in fact, telling the reader what makes your research study unique.