Research paper outline on pearl harbor

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He had to have solid information that the Japanese might be coming for him before he would launch his search planes. Neither did the Army on Oahu. On the same day as Kimmel, Lt. Walter C. Short, the Army commander, got a war warning of his own from Washington. The sending of two dispatches to Oahu, one per service, reflected the peculiar reality that no single person commanded the military there.

The duality could easily lead to poor assumptions about who was doing what, and it did. And we never did. As for the Pacific Fleet, it would carry on as before. It was not yet time to empty Pearl of as many ships as possible. Even landlubber Army officers knew that.

There was too little water for the number of ships. The spike represented the leading edge of the attack, planes. There had never been anything remotely like it in the history of warfare—and some more planes would follow, as soon as they were elevated from hangar decks to the cleared fight decks. Only after some debate did the privates decide to tell someone in authority. They watched the oscilloscope as the unidentified planes closed the distance. At 15 or 20 miles out, with the radar now getting return echoes from Oahu itself, the cluster vanished in the clutter.

December 7, or a. But it was delayed in transmission until after the attack had begun. It was in Hawaii when Admiral Kimmel, his uniform not yet buttoned, stepped into his yard, overlooking Pearl. Aircraft were descending, climbing, darting, unmistakable red balls painted on every wing. Every resident of Oahu was accustomed to seeing military planes overhead, but only their own, and for the rest of their lives they would speak of the shock of those alien red spheres, the Japanese flying over the United States. It was just beginning.

Yet out there in the harbor, something deeply heroic was taking place. Through the ten months he had commanded at Pearl Harbor, Kimmel had insisted on endless training, on knowing the proper thing to do and the proper place to be; now that training was becoming manifest. His men began shooting back, from the big ships, from the destroyers and cruisers, from rooftops and parking lots, from the decks of the submarines right below his windows. Within five minutes or less, a curtain of bullets and anti-aircraft shells began rising, the first of , rounds of every caliber the Fleet would unleash.

An enraged enlisted man threw oranges at the enemy. The Japanese planes kept coming in waves that seemed endless but lasted two hours. By the end, 19 U. Nothing as catastrophically unexpected, as self-image-shattering, had happened to the nation in its years. Long-held assumptions about American supremacy and Japanese inferiority had been holed as surely as the ships. But Yamamoto was correct: Japan had begun a war it could never win, not in the face of the industrial might of an enraged and now-wiser America. The military damage of the attack—as opposed to the psychological—was far less than first imagined.

Feverish repairs on the battleships commenced, in Hawaii and then on the West Coast. The Fleet would exact its revenge shortly, at the Battle of Midway, when American carrier pilots sank four of the Japanese carriers that had shocked Pearl. Featuring the great air battles of the Pacific War, untold stories of forgotten campaigns and individuals, and outstanding wartime and action photography.

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New Research. Curators' Corner. Ask Smithsonian. Photos Submit to Our Contest. Photo of the Day. Video Ingenuity Awards. Smithsonian Channel. Video Contest. Games Daily Sudoku. Universal Crossword. Daily Word Search. Mah Jong Quest. Subscribe Top Menu Current Issue. Archaeology U. Whether they are exploring new, exciting places where you live, or far away from home, sightseeing is one of the greatest pleasures to do in life. I have been to a numerous number of places across the world, and I have to say that Hawaii and San Francisco are both wonderful places to visit.

Hawaii and San Francisco, two of the top ten tourist destinations in the United States that attract people from all over the world, resulting in the astonishing landmarks such as Pearl Harbor and Alcatraz Island Strong Essays words 3. They were still fresh from the casualties and experiences from the World War I, still recovering from the Great Depression. Eventually, America joined the war after the attack on the Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. The movie starts out with Rafe and Danny playing on a old broke down airplane that they use in their pretend fighter plane dogfights.

Strong Essays words 6. They also wanted to take control of Asia, but the United States would not allow it 2. Not wanting to be involved in a big war they attacked believing they were too powerful and could destroy the United States in one strike and force the United States to negotiate for peace 3. Also the United States aware that Japan might strike made Pearl Harbor an easy target when they concluded that it was unlikely for it to be attacked do to the distance between the naval base and Japan Roosevelt, December 7th The surprise attack executed by the Japanese military code named Kido Butai on Pearl Harbor resulted in many casualties to both the Japanese and American forces.

Most importantly the accomplishment of Japans main goal of destroying the possible threat of the United States pacific fleet Strong Essays words 4. Around eight in the morning, a swarm of Japanese fighter pilots dropped a series of bombs over the U.

For what reason did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

S Pacific Fleet ships, in an attempt to cripple the U. S and have the sanctions that the U. S was enforcing removed. Previous to the attack the U. Strong Essays words 3 pages Preview. Roosevelt who was president during World War II knew, about the possibility of an attack on Pearl Harbor, but he did nothing to prevent it. Instead he provoked the Japanese army to attack first so the U. S could join the war against them, Germany, and Italy. She goes on to say that you would never see a Japanese-American working in a white place.

The attack on Pearl Harbor was the only way Japan sought to break away from the United States oppression of the Japanese people. Poor relations between Japan and America were both economical and political; this caused the attack on Pearl Harbor. The hatred from the Japanese against the United States dated back from the s Powerful Essays words 6 pages Preview.

Naval base at Pearl Harbor. This attack lead to the destruction of many ships, aircrafts, and American lives. This was the date of one of the most important attacks on the United States in the history of America. The bombing was in reaction to many economic sanctions that were placed on Japan, so the bombing was not just to make the United States mad Powerful Essays words 4.

I thought that I was going to write this first paper about the Cold War, but then I began to look back over the Atom bomb and the bombing on Pearl Harbor. I have never heard of such a thing or such terminology when referred to Pearl Harbor Japan invaded Southeast Asia in order to gain natural resources but this just heightened the concerns of what would be the Allied powers Fitzgerald The U.

The main body of evidence will investigate what events lead up to the attack, diplomatic relations between Japan and the U. Evidence will include eyewitness accounts and newly released top secret documents. Documents will be analyzed in regards to their value, origin, purpose, and limitation in order to properly evaluate the evidence Term Papers words 4.

On December 7th of Japan bombed America and killed thousands of civilians. On December 8th , Walt Disney signed a contract with United States Military committing to releasing pro American animations and leasing space with in his studio. Of Course with Walt 's extremely patriotic morals this was not a problem. Other aspects of the government such as the treasury drafted Walt and his artists to increase pro war time support among citizens On December 7th, the United States was brutally brought into a world war with an attack upon Pearl Harbor.

While this was over seventy years ago, questions still remain. The American people must ask as a country, did the United States government know about the impending attack. Did the American Service men and women die in vain. However, the plan did not work out well. This surprise attack not only pushed the United States into World War II, but also triggered the start of racial discrimination against Asians in America, specifically Japanese Americans, Chinese, and of course, the Japanese When Millard Fillmore sent Commodore Matthew Perry to open ports of trade in Japan the clock began ticking as to when Japan and America would go to war against each other.

The subsequent infusion of militarism and modernism in Japan led to a need raw materials Unfortunately, due to that incident, many Americans harbor many negative feelings and attitudes towards the country of Japan. While this is an understandable sentiment, it is unnecessary, because Japan is an influence on not on the United States but the entire world While America dealt with both of these attacks with unyielding resolve, executing that resolve was what is starkly different between the two tragedies Everyone who was Japanese began to loose trust with their fellow Americans.

Six weeks after the attack the president at the time, Franklin D. Roosevelt, signed executive order which allowed the internment of Japanese-Americans. Tensions between America and japan had been rising for quite some years. Many of the top US officials knew that an attack was imminent, but we did not know where the Japanese would strike Band of Brothers has representations of brotherhood and an image of a masculine American soldier, which could be used by the government to push for going to war in the Middle East The Attack at Pearl Harbor was a surprise attack on the American fleet at the at the navy base in pearl harbor at Hawaii.

Japanese attackers us hard and the planes came in waves, the first hit us at and the second hit us at Nothing but chaos was left. But was this attack really a surprise. Did we really know about it before hand. Or did we just really be bombarded with a Japanese surprise attack Japanese forces brutally impaired the American naval fleet stationed at Pearl Harbor and caused unimaginable horror for both the citizens of Hawaii and the United States as a whole.

Good Essays words 2. Out of that day, 2, soldiers were killed in action, 1, were wounded in action. Through the misjudgments of numerous U. Of that day 2, soldiers were killed in action, 1, were wounded in action. Numerous U. Not only did the Japanese hit the U. United States had been aware of a possible attack since the s; the US became more involved when the Japanese invaded Manchuria. Attack on Pearl Harbor was the beginning of something big, a bloody war between the Japanese and the United States.

United States was not expecting such an event; it was such an unannounced attack on the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii The Japanese launched a surprise air attack on the U. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. After just two hours of bombing, more than 2, Americans were dead, 21 ships had either been sunk or damaged, and more than U.

The United States was in complete shock and disgust, so in response, the Unites States declared war on Japan. Between and , escalating conflict between China and Japan influenced U. The thought must have been in many minds on that dreadful day at AM local time. The confusion coupled with the timing of the attack led to the tragic event now referred to as Pearl Harbor. The bombing was unprovoked and crippled the United States Pacific Fleet and killed numerous military personnel.

Strong Essays words 2. For us this is an emergency as serious as war itself. We must apply ourselves to our task with the same resolution, the same sense of urgency, the same spirit of patriotism and sacrifice as we would show were we at war" Roosevelt. Most of the U. American soldiers and sailors had enjoyed another peaceful Saturday night, and early risers were waking up to a sunny Sunday morning. A sighting of unidentified planes by radar station operators minutes before the attack was discounted by an officer at the command center headquarters, squandering time that could have been used to prepare defenses.

Suddenly, planes bearing the red sun swept in, and the bombing began. Before the day was over, 2, Americans were dead, and our Pacific Fleet was in ruins. Even in this time of crisis, however, records were being created on board the ships docked in Pearl Harbor—records that are now part of the holdings of the National Archives.

These are firsthand accounts from the logbooks of the U. Navy's ships and stations compiled from to And they provide some insight into the events of the day—before, during, and after the attack— through the eyes of those who witnessed it. The day—the one that President Franklin D. Roosevelt said would "live in infamy"—started out routinely, as the deck logs show. To maintain an accurate description of events as they happened, the assigned officer placed entries into the log every four hours. The intervals are found at the beginning of each entry as seen in the excerpts below.

For instance, before the first entry from each ship you will see the number 4—8 or a variation thereof. This represents the time period from 4 a. Navy ship deck logs are the "running record" of all events that occur aboard a naval vessel. Deck logs were, and are, kept for both legal and administrative reasons. Generally, the deck logs document a ship's movements and encounters along with the accidents, injuries, deaths, disciplinary actions, and provisions of her crew. In addition, the names of the ship crew members were also included in the logs when mustered in or when charged with a crime.

Original Pearl Harbor News Footage

The vast majority of these entries document routine functions carried out aboard a ship, yet those entered at Pearl Harbor on December 7, , also capture elements of the shock and confusion brought by the Japanese attack. On the day of the Pearl Harbor attack, the logs begin with routine entries, noting the reception and inspection of provisions.


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At around a. By a. The deck log reports that they shot down at least three enemy planes. A cease-fire was reported at a. Although heavily damaged, the USS Maryland was also active in the rescue efforts. Meanwhile, the USS California was nearly destroyed, and its crew was ordered to evacuate as burning fuel oil on the surface of the water threatened the ship. However, the flaming oil slick cleared the ship, and the crew returned to battle mode. Held general quarters, manned all guns, commenced breaking out powder.

Commenced emergency repairs on main engines to get underway. Captain on the bridge. At opened fire with 5" guns 4 and 5 in local control at Japanese planes over Ford island and with all machine guns on attacking planes as they flew low past the nest heading to Northward from vicinity of Ford Island. At opened fire with 5" guns 1 and 2 in director control at horizontal bombers passing overhead in direction of Schofield Barracks.

At opened fire with fwd 5" and machine guns at planes strafing nest from direction of Pearl City. At planes crossing low ahead of nest to NE were taken under fire; one burst into flames and crashed in clump of trees in Aiea Heights and exploded. At plane diving toward Ford Island from NE was shot down by combined fire of nest. At opened fire at planes strafing ahead and astern. At one plane attacking on stbd bow was shot down by nest and crashed in directions of Schofield Barracks.

At opened fire on planes diving from port side of nest. Rounds fired gun 1, 20; gun 2, 24; gun 4, 30; gun 5, 40; machine guns rounds. Naval Air Station, Ford Island. Sounded General Quarters and manned Battle Stations. Naval Air Station, Ford Island was bombed. Pacific Fleet opened fire on attacking planes. Opened fire with 50 caliber machine guns 1 and 2 at one torpedo plane. Opened fire with 5" A. Ship commenced listing to port. Ship shaken by four near bomb hits. Commander Battle Force returned aboard. LOUIS underway. Healy, U. OGALA capsized.